Directory

Inherits: Reference < Object

Category: Core

Brief Description

Type used to handle the filesystem.

Methods

Error change_dir ( String todir )
Error copy ( String from, String to )
bool current_is_dir ( ) const
bool dir_exists ( String path )
bool file_exists ( String path )
String get_current_dir ( )
int get_current_drive ( )
String get_drive ( int idx )
int get_drive_count ( )
String get_next ( )
int get_space_left ( )
Error list_dir_begin ( bool skip_navigational=false, bool skip_hidden=false )
void list_dir_end ( )
Error make_dir ( String path )
Error make_dir_recursive ( String path )
Error open ( String path )
Error remove ( String path )
Error rename ( String from, String to )

Description

Directory type. It is used to manage directories and their content (not restricted to the project folder).

Here is an example on how to iterate through the files of a directory:

func dir_contents(path):
    var dir = Directory.new()
    if dir.open(path) == OK:
        dir.list_dir_begin()
        var file_name = dir.get_next()
        while (file_name != ""):
            if dir.current_is_dir():
                print("Found directory: " + file_name)
            else:
                print("Found file: " + file_name)
            file_name = dir.get_next()
    else:
        print("An error occurred when trying to access the path.")

Tutorials

Method Descriptions

Changes the currently opened directory to the one passed as an argument. The argument can be relative to the current directory (e.g. newdir or ../newdir), or an absolute path (e.g. /tmp/newdir or res://somedir/newdir).

The method returns one of the error code constants defined in @GlobalScope (OK or ERR_*).

Copies the from file to the to destination. Both arguments should be paths to files, either relative or absolute. If the destination file exists and is not access-protected, it will be overwritten.

Returns one of the error code constants defined in @GlobalScope (OK, FAILED or ERR_*).

  • bool current_is_dir ( ) const

Returns whether the current item processed with the last get_next call is a directory (. and .. are considered directories).

Returns whether the target directory exists. The argument can be relative to the current directory, or an absolute path.

Returns whether the target file exists. The argument can be relative to the current directory, or an absolute path.

Returns the absolute path to the currently opened directory (e.g. res://folder or C:\tmp\folder).

  • int get_current_drive ( )

Returns the currently opened directory’s drive index. See get_drive to convert returned index to the name of the drive.

On Windows, returns the name of the drive (partition) passed as an argument (e.g. C:). On other platforms, or if the requested drive does not existed, the method returns an empty String.

  • int get_drive_count ( )

On Windows, returns the number of drives (partitions) mounted on the current filesystem. On other platforms, the method returns 0.

Returns the next element (file or directory) in the current directory (including . and .., unless skip_navigational was given to list_dir_begin).

The name of the file or directory is returned (and not its full path). Once the stream has been fully processed, the method returns an empty String and closes the stream automatically (i.e. list_dir_end would not be mandatory in such a case).

  • int get_space_left ( )

On UNIX desktop systems, returns the available space on the current directory’s disk. On other platforms, this information is not available and the method returns 0 or -1.

  • Error list_dir_begin ( bool skip_navigational=false, bool skip_hidden=false )

Initializes the stream used to list all files and directories using the get_next function, closing the current opened stream if needed. Once the stream has been processed, it should typically be closed with list_dir_end.

If skip_navigational is true, . and .. are filtered out.

If skip_hidden is true, hidden files are filtered out.

  • void list_dir_end ( )

Closes the current stream opened with list_dir_begin (whether it has been fully processed with get_next or not does not matter).

Creates a directory. The argument can be relative to the current directory, or an absolute path. The target directory should be placed in an already existing directory (to create the full path recursively, see make_dir_recursive).

The method returns one of the error code constants defined in @GlobalScope (OK, FAILED or ERR_*).

Creates a target directory and all necessary intermediate directories in its path, by calling make_dir recursively. The argument can be relative to the current directory, or an absolute path.

Returns one of the error code constants defined in @GlobalScope (0K, FAILED or ERR_*).

Opens an existing directory of the filesystem. The path argument can be within the project tree (res://folder), the user directory (user://folder) or an absolute path of the user filesystem (e.g. /tmp/folder or C:\tmp\folder).

The method returns one of the error code constants defined in @GlobalScope (OK or ERR_*).

Deletes the target file or an empty directory. The argument can be relative to the current directory, or an absolute path. If the target directory is not empty, the operation will fail.

Returns one of the error code constants defined in @GlobalScope (OK or FAILED).

Renames (move) the from file to the to destination. Both arguments should be paths to files, either relative or absolute. If the destination file exists and is not access-protected, it will be overwritten.

Returns one of the error code constants defined in @GlobalScope (OK or FAILED).